Tips for developing a flash animation
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By Andy Stone and Debra Rosen

Tip #1: Set Goals
Setting goals will help you to evaluate the success of your animated cartoon campaign as well as develop a work plan designed to meet those goals. When deciding whether or not to produce a Flash video for your campaign, the most important question to answer is: What will the campaign achieve? Many organizations produce these animations to:

- Educate voters or constituents
- Recruit new activists
- Raise awareness of a campaign
- Leverage visibility on a particular initiative, or
- Raise money

Most videos aim to accomplish any one (or a combination) of the above goals. What is important in planning your video is to determine which of the above goals is most realistic. Generally speaking, animated cartoon videos are not a silver bullet for recruiting millions of new members, raising gobs of money, or persuading online activists and donors that are unfamiliar with or ambivalent about your campaign. They can, however, effectively communicate a specific message — especially to those who have a propensity to support your campaign but are not currently on your constituent list — and attract those who might be impervious to other types of campaign communication. FLASH videos also have the potential to create that mysterious yet sought-after thing known as "buzz." Additionally, they are a great resource for engaging existing online list members in recruiting new activists and donors.

Tip #2: Make it FUNNY!
When brainstorming concepts for your video, the single most important factor to keep in mind is: Will it make people laugh?

Remember, you are not your target audience. Will your supporters and activists find it funny? Will they be eager to forward it on to everyone they know? If not, head back to the drawing board. Anything less than laugh-out-loud, slap-your-leg, fall-down-on-the-ground, pee-in-your-pants funny is probably not going to work well enough to truly "go viral" and get forwarded around the Internet by tens of thousands of appreciative viewers.

The idea is to "entertain." In addition to offering viewers an opportunity to take action (see below), what three recently-released animated cartoon videos, "Toast the Earth," "Friends with Low Wages," and "Arnold's Neighborhood," all have in common is lighthearted humor. Global warming, union busting, and conservative ballot initiatives are clearly not in and of themselves comical ideas. But if your goal is to recruit new members, tapping a viewer's funny bone is the best way for you to get your video in front of as many people as possible.

According to a new study by New York's Sharpe Partners, a digital-marketing agency, humor is the key to making an online campaign a viral marketing success. The study found that 88 percent of those surveyed passed on humorous material such as jokes or cartoons to their friends. That was way ahead of news at 56 percent, healthcare and medical information at 32 percent, religious and spiritual material at 30 percent, and games at 25 percent.

In order to "keep it funny," you need to "keep it familiar." When selecting a theme for your video, make sure it is well-known and prevalent enough to be understood by as large an audience as possible. "Arnold's Neighborhood" was a spoof of PBS's "Sesame Street," a television program on which millions of Americans were reared. And "Friends with Low Wages" not only poked fun at the world's number-one retailer, but did so by spoofing a popular song by one of America's most well-known country-crossover artists. In short, if you're going to "culture jam," make sure it's something either current or immediately recognizable — or both.

Tip #3: Offer Viewers an Opportunity to Take Action
So, let's say that the goal of your animated cartoon video is to recruit new online members and build your online list — what can you expect? We've found that between one and two percent of people who watch a video (one million unique views = 10,000 new members) will sign up for your list IF you offer them a constructive online "action" immediately following the video.

Consider the following examples of recent campaigns:

Toast the Earth With ExxonMobil!
When ExxonMobil announced its $36.13 billion profit for 2005 — the biggest profit ever recorded in U.S. history — the Exxpose Exxon Coalition released a Flash cartoon lampooning ExxonMobil's cavalier attitude on global warming and reluctance to invest more of their record-breaking profits in cleaner energy solutions. Viewers were asked to join Exxpose Exxon and send a message to Exxon's new CEO, Rex Tillerson, telling him that they would not invest in Exxon's products or stock until the company adopted safer environmental standards.

Friends with Low Wages
Using Garth Brooks' exclusive deal with Wal-Mart, American Rights at Work produced a parody of his hit song "Friends in Low Places" to raise public awareness of Wal-Mart's union-busting tactics. In the cartoon, "Garth Brooks" is made aware of the poor working conditions that have led

Wal-Mart employees to call for union protection. The cartoon is followed by a call to action that asks activists to sign a petition denouncing Wal-Mart's union-busting activities.

Arnold's Neighborhood
Weeks before California's Special Election in 2005, Democratic gubernatorial candidate Phil Angelides released a Flash cartoon spotlighting Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger's relationships with right-wing politicians and advocates. The cartoon, set to the tune of Sesame Street's "The People in Your Neighborhood," showed Governor Schwarzenegger cavorting with "Ken von Lay the Miscount," "Karl Rover," "O'Reilly the Grouch," "Cheney Monster," and "Bush Bird." When the cartoon was originally launched, viewers were asked to send a message to Governor Schwarzenegger telling him that they planned to vote against his Special Election initiatives. Today, the video asks viewers to sign up to join the Angelides campaign.

All of the above animated cartoon campaigns incorporated two opportunities for viewers to take action

- An online petition or message to targets relating to the content of the video that the viewer just watched. (In addition to clogging a target's inbox with messages from concerned citizens, these online actions are the best mechanism for capturing contact information for potential new online activists and donors); and

- Keeping in mind the one percent viewer-to-activist conversion rate, each campaign included a "tell-a-friend" link and message for viewers to pass the video on to others.

Tip #4: Develop a Work Plan
Unlike the advancements that have made television commercial production lightning-quick, producing an animated cartoon video takes a considerable amount of time. Most vendors require at least one month (and even that is usually pushing it) to develop a script and complete the animation process. On your side, you should factor in time for internal approvals for your animation: who will need to approve the concept, script, and final product? Additionally, consider how you will market your Flash cartoon to achieve optimal results.

When developing your work plan and timeline, be sure to include:

- Creative development (animated cartoon video, Web-page wrapper for the video, advertisements, and so on);
- Hosting setup — ensuring there is plenty of bandwidth if the animation proves popular;
- Purchasing a unique hostname or setting up a simple URL redirect that allows you to promote a short, straightforward Web address for your animation;
- Drafting content for the Web page where the animation will reside("take action" message and petition, tell-a-friend page and viral message, and additional information on the campaign);
- Drafting communication to your existing email list;
- Drafting marketing materials (paid marketing messages, press releases, messages to blogs and online discussion forums, content for your organization's homepage, etc);
- Paid marketing plan;
- Earned marketing outreach (online and offline press, blogs and online discussion forums, and so on); and
- Follow-up action (media response, online and offline activities, etc).

The internal team that you put together for your animated video campaign should include your online staff as well as members of your policy and communications staff. All of these parties will be essential for developing the content of the video as well as its marketing.

About the author:
Andy Stone is a Senior Consultant with M R Strategic Services. He works with nonprofits and political campaigns to plan and implement effective online advocacy campaigns, with experience in Internet advocacy, media relations, and organizing.

Debra Rosen is Vice President of M+R Strategic Services in New York. While at M+R, Rosen managed a nationwide public health campaign and consulted on Internet campaigns.
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